The fishing line is perhaps the most important part of the fishing equipment. You need to have a line attached to the rod in order to catch fish. Some of the factors that you have to consider when choosing the right line include its strength, the length of the line and the material from which it is made. There are different fishing lines to use for fishing various species of fish. Naturally, you need stronger lines when fishing for big game fish, such as tuna and shark.
At one time, catgut was the most common material for making fishing lines. Horsehair and silk thread were also used. Catgut is a cord of extreme toughness made from the intestines of sheep and goat. Today, the most commonly used materials are nylon, polyethylene and other artificial substances. Generally they are monofilament lines, which means they have a single strand. Flurocarbon is also used, which is a combination of two materials and makes the lines stronger. These lines are almost invisible in water and so all the fish sees is the bait or the lure.
Braided is one of the strongest types of fishing lines available. It has a larger diameter than the monofilament and fluorocarbon lines. In this type of line, several manmade fibers are woven together to make a cord. These lines are prized because they are resistant to abrasion and are perfect for reeling in larger fish. However, they do cause abrasion to the hands, so it is necessary to wear protective gloves. They can also be seen in the water.
Fly lines consist of two parts – a fly line and a tapered leader line. The leader line has the bait attached and the other end of it is attached to the fly line on the rod. Many deep-sea anglers like to use wire line, which is made of a single strand or braided strands of steel. Although the single strands of this variety are thinner, the braided strands offer the advantage of not kinking up as often.